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District LG Vision, Mission, Development Objectives, their Linkage and District Profile

Mandate of the District Local Government
Article 190 of the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda, 1995 provides for the mandate of the District to plan for development. Section 36 of the Local Governments Act, 1997 designates the LG council as the Planning Authority of the district. Hence forth, Kiruhura District Local Government started operating effective 1st July 2005.

District Vision
Attaining holistic sustainable development and poverty free communities by 2025

District Mission
To empower communities in sustainable use of existing resources through efficient and effective service delivery.

Overall District LG Development Goal
To promote and coordinate service delivery for sustainable Socio-economic development

District LG Development Objectives
    To ensure security and democratic governance
    To promote sustainable utilization of natural resources and environment
    To provide quality health services
    To empower farmers and other stake holders for sustainable production and marketing
    To enhance sustainable revenue base and accountability (value for money)
    To promote quality and equitable educational services
    To ensure availability of quality physical infrastructures

DISTRICT PROFILE
Location and size
Kiruhura is one of the districts in the south western region of Uganda. It is bordered by Kyegegwa District to the North Sembabule to the North-east, Kamwenge district in the Northwest, Lyantonde District in the East, Rakai to the South-east, Isingiro to the South, Mbarara District to the South-west and Ibanda to the North-east.  The average altitude is 1,800 meters above sea level.  Kiruhura District headquarters are situated at Kiruhura Hill (former Nyabushozi County headquarters) and the District has a total area of 4,608 sq. Kms. of which land area is 4,516 sq. Kms.

Historical Background
Kiruhura District Local Government (KDLG), came into being as a result of people’s wishes and authority of Parliament in 2005 to subdivide the greater Mbarara District into four districts namely; Mbarara, Ibanda, Isingiro and Kiruhura. As a result Mbarara remained with Mbarara municipality and the 2 counties of Kashari and Rwampara. Bukanga and Isingiro counties formed Isingiro District as Ibanda County formed Ibanda District while Nyabushozi and Kazo counties formed Kiruhura District.

Kiruhura District by the time of its formation was comprised of two counties namely Kazo and Nyabushozi with 12 Sub-counties (Buremba, Burunga, Kazo, Kanoni, Rwemikoma, Kashongi, Kikaatsi, Nyakashashara, Sanga, Kanyaryeru, Kinoni and Kenshunga) and one town council (Kiruhura town council) this altogether made a total of 13 LLGs. The Current Kiruhura District remains comprised of two counties. However, the number of LLGs has since increased to 18. This is as a result of the formation of three (3) new sub-counties namely Kitura, Engari and Nkungu which were curved from the historical sub-counties of Kashongi, Kanoni and Buremba respectively and the formation of Sanga and Kazo town councils. The district has been in existence since 2005 and in July 2015 will be marking 10 years of existence.

Tourism
Kiruhura District is among the frequently visted districts with the major tourist attraction being Lake Mburo National Park which is found in Nyabushozi (Sanga, Kanyaryeru and Nyakashashara sub-counties). Lake Mburo is one of the steadily developing National parks in the country. The Park is managed by Uganda Wild life Authority (UWA). Apart from the National Park the district has other key features including the famous “amabere ga mugore –stone features” believed to be associated with the chwezi. The district also hosts 2 Big Government Ranches and Government farms which also attract a number of vistors both locals and internationals. Rwakitura in Kenshunga Subcounty, Kiruhura District is the ancestral home of the current President of the republic of Uganda H.E Yoweri Kaguta Museveni. Thus the district is frequently visted by people from all walks of the world.

Topography
The District is characterized by short and undulating hills with wide valleys.

Climate
The district’s climatic conditions are characterised by bimodal rain seasons that support agricultural activities as major source of livelihood for the local populace. The district has good soils that support agriculture but because if falls within the dry corridor and experiences prolonged dy spells which hamper livestock rearing activities (cattele, sheep and goats). The climatic conditions are summarised as follows:
(a)    Average annual rainfall………………….  915mm
(b)    Temperature:  Range……………………..  17 o C to 30 o C
(c)    Bi-modal pattern rain seasons…………    August to November and March to May

Mineral / Land Resources
The major mineral resources include: Sand, Gravel, murram, Granite stones and fine clay among the major ones. Mining is not a major activity in the district.

Vegetation   
The district has savannah woodlands type of vegetation with a wide cover of thorny shrubs. The district has no gazetted natural forests with only existing forests being man made (planted) for economic and subsistence purposes. The district has afew water bodies (Lake Kacheera and Lake Mburo ) with seasonal streams of which some have got swamps along their drainage.